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PLANNING TO READ AND TO WRITE
1. Malcolm X looked up the words in the dictionary, wrote them
down on a tablet, and read them over and over aloud to
2. Malcolm X was motivated through his envy of Bimbi’s stock
of knowledge. He was further motivated by his ability to learn
new words every day.
Some principals of memory
The functions of memory
Memory organizes and makes past experience accessible
The Processes of Memory
The Memory Cycle
The Memory System
Use the subheadings defined in Exercise 2.5 to determine if the
student captured the major points in his SQ3R.
1. Three principals of memory are: 1) Memory involves
associations, 2) Memories are much simpler than actual
experience, and 3) We remember meaningful events.
2. Term for mental record of information used to recall events,
think, and communicate is declarative memory.
3. Three functions of memory are 1) It records specific episodes
in life, 2) It records symbols we use to think and communicate,
and 3) It contains the general rules for operating in the world.
4. Three processes needed to recall a specific event are
perception, retention, and retrieval.
5. The memory system includes long-term and short-term
EXERCISE 2.10—FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
1. Phoneme means the sounds of language. Semantic content
means the meaning of words.
2. Perception means the sensing of an event.
3. Retention means the storing and keeping of information.
4. Encoding means organizing sensory information by a
perceptual process into the simplest meaning precepts.
(You may want to have students explain this in their own
The response would need to include the definition of the three
terms and examples of each type of memory.