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CHAPTER 2—ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. The income statement measures the flow of funds into (i.e. revenue) and out of (i.e. expenses) the firm over a certain time period. It is always based on accounting data. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Income statement
2. The balance sheet is a financial statement measuring the flow of funds into and out of various accounts over time while the income statement measures the progress of the firm at a point in time. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Financial statements
3. An increase in an asset account is a source of cash, whereas an increase in a liability account is a use of cash. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Sources and uses of cash
4. Depreciation, as shown on the income statement, is regarded as a use of cash because it is an expense. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Sources and uses of cash
5. When a firm pays off a loan using cash, the source of funds is the decrease in the asset account, cash, while the use of funds involves a decrease in a liability account, debt. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Sources and uses
6. Non-cash assets are expected to produce cash over time but the amount of cash they eventually produce could be higher or lower than the values at which the assets are carried on the books. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Non-cash assets
7. Taxes, payment patterns, and reporting considerations, as well as credit sales and non-cash costs, are reasons why operating cash flows can differ from accounting profits. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Operating cash flows
8. Ratio analysis involves a comparison of the relationships between financial statement accounts so as to analyze the financial position and strength of a firm. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Ratio analysis
9. The current ratio and inventory turnover ratio measure the liquidity of a firm. The current ratio measures the relation of a firm’s current assets to its current liabilities and the inventory turnover ratio measures how rapidly a firm turns its inventory back into a “quick” asset or cash. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Liquidity ratios
10. If a firm has high current and quick ratios, this always is a good indication that a firm is managing its liquidity position well. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Current ratio
11. A decline in the inventory turnover ratio suggests that the firm’s liquidity position is improving. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Inventory turnover ratio
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 11
12. The degree to which the managers of a firm attempt to magnify the returns to owners’ capital through the use of financial leverage is captured in debt management ratios. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Debt management ratios
13. Profitability ratios show the combined effects of liquidity, asset management, and debt management on operations. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Profitability ratios
14. Determining whether a firm’s financial position is improving or deteriorating requires analysis of more than one set of financial statements. Trend analysis is one method of measuring a firm’s performance over time. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Trend analysis
15. The information contained in the annual report is used by investors to form expectations about future earnings and dividends. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Annual report
16. The balance sheet presents a summary of the firm’s revenues and expenses over an accounting period. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Financial statements
17. On the balance sheet, total assets must equal total liabilities plus stockholders equity. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Balance sheet
18. One of the biggest noncash items on the income statement is depreciation which needs to be subtracted from net income to determine cash flows for the firm. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Cash flows
19. A firm’s net income reported on its income statement must equal the operating cash flows on the statement of cash flows. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Accounting profit and cash flows
20. A statement reporting the impact of a firm’s operating, investing, and financing activities on cash flows over an accounting is the statement of cash flows. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Statement of cash flows
21. When a firm conducts a seasoned equity offering, it increases an equity account which is an example of a source of funds. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Sources and uses of cash
22. When a firm conducts a stock repurchase, it increases an equity account which is an example of a source of funds. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Sources and uses of cash
23. A liquid asset is an asset that can be easily converted into cash without a significant loss of its original value. ANS: T DIF: Easy TOP: Liquidity ratios
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 12
24. Genzyme Corporation has seen its days sales outstanding (DSO) decline from 38 days last year to 22 days this implying that more of the firm’s suppliers are being paid on time. ANS: F DIF: Easy TOP: Days sales outstanding (DSO)
25. Funds supplied by common stockholders mainly includes capital stock, paid-in capital, and retained earnings, while total equity is comprised of common equity plus preferred stock. ANS: T DIF: Medium TOP: Total equity
26. Retained earnings is the cash that has been generated by the firm through its operations which has not been paid out to stockholders as dividends. Retained earnings are kept in cash or near cash accounts and thus, these cash accounts, when added together, will always be equal to the total retained earnings of the firm. ANS: F DIF: Medium TOP: Retained earnings
27. The financial position of companies whose business is seasonal can be dramatically different depending upon the time of year chosen to construct financial statements. This time sensitivity is especially true with respect to the firm’s balance sheet. ANS: T DIF: Medium TOP: Balance sheet changes
28. In order to accurately estimate cash flow from operations, depreciation must be added back to net income. The reason for this is that even though depreciation is deducted from revenue it is really a non-cash charge. ANS: T DIF: Medium TOP: Cash flows
29. In accounting, emphasis is placed on determining net income. In finance, the primary emphasis also is on net income because that is what investors use to value the firm. However, a secondary consideration is cash flow because that’s what is used to run the business. ANS: F DIF: Medium TOP: Cash flow and net income
30. Current cash flow from existing assets is highly relevant to the investor. However, the value of the firm depends primarily upon its growth opportunities. As a result, profit projections from those opportunities are the only relevant future flows with which investors are concerned. ANS: F DIF: Medium TOP: Future cash flows
31. If the current ratio of Firm A is greater than the current ratio of Firm B, we cannot be sure that the quick ratio of Firm A is greater than that of Firm B. However, if the quick ratio of Firm A exceeds that of Firm B, we can be assured that Firm A’s current ratio also exceeds B’s current ratio. ANS: F DIF: Medium TOP: Liquidity ratios
32. The inventory turnover and current ratios are related. The combination of a high current ratio and a low inventory turnover ratio relative to the industry norm might indicate that the firm is maintaining too high an inventory level or that part of the inventory is obsolete or damaged. ANS: T DIF: Medium TOP: Inventory turnover ratio
33. We can use the fixed asset turnover ratio to legitimately compare firms in different industries as long as all the firms being compared are using the same proportion of fixed assets to total assets. ANS: F DIF: Medium TOP: Fixed asset turnover
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 13
34. Suppose two firms with the same amount of assets pay the same interest rate on their debt and earn the same rate of return on their assets, and that ROA is positive. However, one firm has a higher debt ratio. Under these conditions, the firm with the higher debt ratio will also have a higher rate of return on common equity. ANS: T DIF: Medium TOP: ROA and ROE
35. Suppose a firm wants to maintain a specific TIE ratio. If the firm knows the level of its debt, the interest rate it will pay on that debt and the applicable tax rate, the firm can then calculate the earnings level required to maintain its target TIE ratio. ANS: T DIF: Medium TOP: TIE ratio
36. The fixed charge coverage ratio recognizes that firms often lease equipment under contract and thus, some firms must meet more than just their scheduled interest payments out of earnings. Therefore, the fixed charge coverage is more inclusive than the TIE ratio. ANS: T DIF: Medium TOP: Fixed charge coverage ratio
37. If sales decrease and financial leverage increases, we can say with certainty that the profit margin on sales will decrease. ANS: F DIF: Medium TOP: Profit margin and leverage
38. Selling new stock is an equity transaction; it does not affect any asset or liability account and therefore, does not appear on the statement of cash flows. ANS: F DIF: Medium TOP: Financing activities
1. Other things held constant, which of the following will not affect the quick ratio? (Assume that current assets equal current liabilities.) a. Fixed assets are sold for cash. b. Cash is used to purchase inventories. c. Cash is used to pay off accounts payable. d. Accounts receivable are collected. e. Long-term debt is issued to payoff a short-term bank loan.
ANS: D The quick ratio is calculated as follows:
𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠−𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠
The only action that doesn’t affect the quick ratio is statement d. While this action decreases receivables (a current asset), it increases cash (also a current asset). The net effect is no change in the quick ratio. DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Quick ratio
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 14
2. Changes in balance sheet accounts are necessary for a. A typical ratio analysis. b. Pro forma balance sheet construction. c. Statement of cash flows construction. d. Profit and loss analysis. e. Pro forma income statement construction. ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Statement of cash flows
3. All of the following represent cash outflows to the firm except a. Taxes. b. Interest payments. c. Dividends. d. Purchase of plant and equipment. e. Depreciation.
ANS: E DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Cash flows
4. Other things held constant, if a firm holds cash balances in excess of their optimal level in a noninterest bearing account, this will tend to lower the firm’s a. Profit margin. b. Total asset turnover. c. Return on equity. d. All of the above. e. Answers b and c above.
ANS: E DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Excessive cash balances
5. Other things held constant, which of the following will not affect the current ratio, assuming an initial current ratio greater than 1.0? a. Fixed assets are sold for cash. b. Long-term debt is issued to pay off current liabilities. c. Accounts receivable are collected. d. Cash is used to pay off accounts payable. e. A bank loan is obtained, and the proceeds are credited to the firm’s checking account.
ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Current ratio
6. The annual report contains all of the following financial statements except a. income statement. b. statement of changes in long-term financing. c. statement of cash flows. d. balance sheet. e. statement of retained earnings.
ANS: B DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Annual report
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 15
7. Which of the following financial statements shows a firm’s financing activities (how funds were generated) and investment activities (how funds were used) over a particular period of time? a. balance sheet b. income statement c. statement of retained earnings d. statement of cash flows e. proxy statement
ANS: A DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Financial statements
8. Which of the following statements shows the portion of the firm’s earnings that has been saved rather than paid out as dividends? a. balance sheet b. income statement c. statement of retained earnings d. statement of cash flows e. proxy statement
ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Financial statements
9. Which of the following financial statements includes information about a firm’s assets, equity, and liabilities? a. Income statement b. Cash flow statement c. Balance sheet d. Statement of retained earnings e. All of the above
ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Financial statements
10. When constructing a Statement of Cash Flows, which of the following actions would be considered a source of funds? a. increase in the cash account b. decrease in accounts payable c. increase in inventory d. increase in long-term bonds e. increase in fixed assets
ANS: B DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Financial statements
11. Which of the following groups probably would not be interested in the financial statement analysis of a firm? a. creditors b. management of the firm c. stockholders d. Internal Revenue Service e. All of the above would be interested in the financial statement analysis.
ANS: D DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Ratio analysis
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 16
12. Which of the following ratios measures how effectively a firm is managing its assets? a. quick ratio b. times interest earned c. profit margin d. inventory turnover ratio e. price earnings ratio
ANS: D DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Inventory turnover ratio
13. If your goal is determine how effectively a firm is managing its assets, which of the following sets of ratios would you examine? a. profit margin, current ratio, fixed charge coverage ratio b. quick ratio, debt ratio, time interest earned c. inventory turnover ratio, days sales outstanding, fixed asset turnover ratio d. total assets turnover ratio, price earnings ratio, return on total assets e. time interest earned, profit margin, fixed asset turnover ratio
ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Asset management ratios
14. Which of the following ratios measures the extent to which operating income can decline before the firm is unable to meet its annual interest costs a. fixed charge coverage ratio b. debt ratio c. times-interest-earned ratio d. return on equity e. profit margin
ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: TIE ratio
15. An analysis of a firm’s financial ratios over time that is used to determine the improvement or deterioration in its financial situation is called a. sensitivity analysis b. DuPont chart c. ratio analysis d. progress chart e. trend analysis
ANS: E DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Trend analysis
16. Which of the following statements is most correct? a. An increase in a firm’s debt ratio, with no changes in its sales and operating costs, could be expected to lower its profit margin on sales. b. An increase in DSO, other things held constant, would generally lead to an increase in the total asset turnover ratio. c. An increase on the DSO, other things held constant, would generally lead to an increase in the ROE. d. In a competitive economy, where all firms earn similar returns on equity, one would expect to find lower profit margins for airlines, which require a lot of fixed assets relative to sales, than for fresh fish markets. e. It is more important to adjust the Debt/Asset ratio than the inventory turnover ratio to account for seasonal fluctuations.
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 17
Statement a is true because, if a firm takes on more debt, its interest expense will rise, and this will lower its profit margin. Of course, there will be less equity than there would have been, hence the ROE might rise even though the profit margin fell. DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Financial statement analysis
17. Which of the following statements is correct? a. The annual report contains four basic financial statements: the income statement; balance sheet; statement of cash flows; and statement of changes in long-term financing. b. Although the annual report is geared toward the average stockholder, it represents financial analysts’ most complete source of financial information about the firm. c. The key importance of annual report information is that it is used by investors when they form their expectations about the firm’s future earnings and dividends and the riskiness of those cash flows. d. The annual report provides no relevant information for use by financial analysts or by the investing public. e. None of the above statements is correct.
ANS: C DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Annual report
18. A firm’s current ratio has steadily increased over the past 5 years, from 1.9 five years ago to 3.8 today. What would a financial analyst be most justified in concluding? a. The firm’s fixed assets turnover probably has improved. b. The firm’s liquidity position probably has improved. c. The firm’s stock price probably has increased. d. Each of the above is likely to have occurred. e. The analyst would be unable to draw any conclusions from this information.
ANS: B DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Liquidity ratios
19. Which of the following actions will cause an increase in the quick ratio in the short run? a. $1,000 worth of inventory is sold, and an account receivable is created. The receivable exceeds the inventory by the amount of profit of the sale, which is added to retained earnings. b. A small subsidiary which was acquired for $100,000 two years ago and which was generating profits at the rate of 10 percent is sold for $100,000 cash. (Average company profits are 15 percent of assets.) c. Marketable securities are sold at cost. d. All of the above. e. Answers a and b above.
ANS: E DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Quick ratio
20. Which of the following statements is correct? a. In the text, depreciation is regarded as a use of cash because it reduces fixed assets, which then must be replaced. b. If a company uses some of its cash to pay off short-term debt, then its current ratio will always decline, given the way ratio is calculated, other things held constant. c. During a recession, it is reasonable to think that most companies inventory turnover ratios will change while their fixed asset turnover ratio will remain fairly constant. d. During a recession, we can be confident that most companies’ DSOs (or ACPs) will decline because their sales will probably decline. e. Each of the above statements is false.
ANS: E DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 18
TOP: Miscellaneous ratio behavior
21. As a short-term creditor concerned with a company’s ability to meet its financial obligation to you, which one of the following combinations of ratios would you most likely prefer?
Current Debt ratio TIE ratio
a. 0.5 0.5 0.33 b. 1.0 1.0 0.50 c. 1.5 1.5 0.50 d. 2.0 1.0 0.67 e. 2.5 0.5 0.71
ANS: C DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Ratio analysis
22. Which of the following statements about ratio analysis is incorrect? a. Classifying a large, well-diversified firm into a single industry often is difficult because many of the firm’s divisions are involved with different products from different industries. b. As a rule of thumb, it is safe to conclude that any firm with a current ratio greater than 1.0 should be able to meet its current obligations—that is, pay bills that come due in the current period. [Current ratio = (Current assets) / (Current liabilities)] c. Sometimes firms attempt to use ―window dressing‖ techniques to make their financial statements look better than they actually are in the current period. d. Computing the values of the ratios is fairly simple; the toughest and most important part of ratio analysis is interpretation of the values derived from the computations. e. General conclusions about a firm should not be made by examining one or a few ratios— ratio analysis should be comprehensive.
ANS: B DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Ratio analysis
23. Yesterday, Bicksler Corporation purchased (and received) raw materials on credit from its supplier. All else equal, if Bicksler’s current ratio was 2.0 before the purchase, what effect did this transaction have on Bicksler’s current ratio? a. increased b. decreased c. stayed the same d. There is not enough information to answer this question. e. None of the above is a correct answer.
ANS: B DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Current ratio
24. Bubbles Soap Corporation has a quick ratio of 1.0 and a current ratio of 2.0 implying that a. the value of current assets is equal to the value of inventory. b. the value of current assets is equal to the value of current liabilities. c. the value of current liabilities is equal to the value of inventory. d. All of the above. e. None of the above.
ANS: C DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Current ratio and quick ratio
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 19
25. Which of the following statements is most correct? a. firms with relatively low debt ratios have higher expected returns when the business is good. b. firms with relatively low debt ratios are exposed to risk of loss when the business is poor. c. firms with relatively high debt ratios have higher expected returns when the business is bad. d. firms with relatively high debt ratios have higher expected returns when the business is good. e. none of the above.
ANS: D DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Debt management ratios
26. All other things constant, an increase in a firm’s profit margin would a. increase the additional funds needed for financing a growth in operations. b. decrease the additional funds needed for financing a growth in operations. c. have no effect on the additional funds needed for financing a growth in operations. d. decrease its taxes. e. none of the above.
ANS: B DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: Profit margin
27. Which of the following statements is correct? a. If Company A has a higher debt ratio that Company B, then we can be sure that A will have a lower times-interest-earned ratio than B. b. Suppose two companies have identical operations in terms of sales, cost of goods sold, interest rate on debt, and assets. However, Company A used more debt than Company B; that is, Company A has a higher debt ratio. Under these conditions, we would expect B’s profit margin to be higher than A’s. c. The ROE of any company which is earning positive profits and which has a positive net worth (or common equity) must exceed the company’s ROA. d. Statements a, b, and c are all true. e. Statements a, b, and c are all false.
ANS: B DIF: Tough OBJ: TYPE: Conceptual TOP: ROE and debt ratios
28. Pepsi Corporation’s current ratio is 0.5, while Coke Company’s current ratio is 1.5. Both firms want to “window dress” their coming end-of-year financial statements. As part of their window dressing strategy, each firm will double its current liabilities by adding short-term debt and placing the funds obtained in the cash account. Which of the statements below best describes the actual results of these transactions? a. The transactions will have no effect on the current ratios. b. The current ratios of both firms will be increased. c. The current ratios of both firms will be decreased. d. Only Pepsi Corporation’s current ratio will be increased. e. Only Coke Company’s current ratio will be increased.
ANS: D Pepsi Corporation: Before: Current ratio = 50/100 = 0.50. After: Current ratio = 150/200 = 0.75.
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 20
Coke Company: Before: Current ratio = 150/100 = 1.50. After: Current ratio = 250/200 = 1.25. DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Problem TOP: Current ratio
29. The Charleston Company is a relatively small, privately owned firm. Last year the company had after-tax income of $15,000, and 10,000 shares were outstanding. The owners were trying to determine the market value for the stock, prior to taking the company public. A similar firm which is publicly traded had a price/earnings ratio of 5.0. Using only the information given, estimate the market value of one share of Charleston’s stock. a. $10.00 b. $7.50 c. $5.00 d. $2.50 e. $1.50
ANS: B EPS = $15,000/10,000 = $1.50. P/E = 5.0 = P/$1.50. P = $7.50
DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Problem TOP: Market price per share
30. If Boyd Corporation has sales of $2 million per year (all credit) and days sales outstanding of 35 days, what is its average amount of accounts receivable outstanding (assume a 360 day year)? a. $194,444 b. $57,143 c. $5,556 d. $97,222 e. $285,714
ANS: A A/R = (Sales/360)(DSO) = (($2,000,000)/(360))(35) = $194,444. DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Problem TOP: Accounts receivable
31. A firm has a profit margin of 15 percent on sales of $20,000,000. If the firm has debt of $7,500,000, total assets of $22,500,000, and an after-tax interest cost on total debt of 5 percent, what is the firm’s ROA? a. 8.4% b. 10.9% c. 12.0% d. 13.3% e. 15.1%
ANS: D Net income = 0.15($20,000,000) = $3,000,000. ROA = $3,000,000/$22,500,000 = 13.3%. DIF: Easy OBJ: TYPE: Problem TOP: ROA
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 21
32. Collins Company had the following partial balance sheet and complete income statement information for last year:
Balance Sheet: Cash $ 20 A/R 1,000 Inventories 2,000 Total current assets $3,020 Net fixed assets 2,980 Total assets $6,000 Income Statement: Sales $10,000 Cost of goods sold 9,200 EBIT $ 800 Interest (10%) 400 EBT $ 400 Taxes (40%) 160 Net Income $ 240
The industry average DSO is 30 (360-day basis). Collins plans to change its credit policy so as to cause its DSO to equal the industry average, and this change is expected to have no effect on either sales or cost of goods sold. If the cash generated from reducing receivables is used to retire debt (which was outstanding all last year and which has a 10% interest rate), what will Collins’ debt ratio (Total debt/Total assets) be after the change in DSO is reflected in the balance sheet? a. 33.33% b. 45.28% c. 52.75% d. 60.00% e. 65.71%
ANS: E Current DSO = $1,000 $10,000 360 36 days. Industry average DSO = 30 days.
Reduce receivables by6× $10,000 360
Debt = $400/0.10 = $4,000.
Debt to assets = 𝑇𝐷 𝑇𝐴
= $4,000−$166.67 $6,000−$166.67
DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Problem TOP: Financial statement analysis
33. A firm has total interest charges of $10,000 per year, sales of $1 million, a tax rate of 40 percent, and a net profit margin of 6 percent. What is the firm’s times-interest-earned ratio? a. 16 times b. 10 times c. 7 times d. 11 times e. 20 times
ANS: D NI = $1,000,000(0.06) = $60,000.
Chapter 2 Analysis of Financial Statements 22
EBT = $60,000/0.6 = $100,000. EBIT = $100,000 + $10,000 = $110,000. TIE = EBIT/I = $110,000/$10,000 = 11 times. DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Problem TOP: TIE ratio
34. Alumbat Corporation has $800,000 of debt outstanding, and it pays an interest rate of 10 percent annually on its bank loan. Alumbat’s annual sales are $3,200,000; its average tax rate is 40 percent; and its net profit margin on sales is 6 percent. If the company does not maintain a TIE ratio of at least 4 times, its bank will refuse to renew its loan, and bankruptcy will result. What is Alumbat’s current TIE ratio? a. 2.4 b. 3.4 c. 3.6 d. 4.0 e. 5.0
ANS: E TIE = EBIT/I, so find EBIT and I. Interest = $800,000 0.1 = $80,000. Net income = $3,200,000 0.06 = $192,000. Taxable income = EBT = $192,000/(1 – T) = $192,000/0.6 = $320,000. EBIT = $320,000 + $80,000 = $400,000. TIE = $400,000/$80,000 = 5.0 times. DIF: Medium OBJ: TYPE: Problem TOP: TIE ratio
35. Determine the increase or decrease in cash for Rinky Supply Company for last year, given the following information. (Assume no other changes occurred during the past year.)
Decrease in marketable securities = $25 Increase in accounts receivables = $50 Increase in notes payable = $30 Decrease in accounts payable = $20 Increase in accrued wages and taxes = $15 Increase in inventories = $35 Retained earnings = $ 5
a. -$50 b. +$40 c. -$30 d. +$20 e. -$10
ANS: C Statement of cash flows:
Cash Flows from Operations Retained earnings $ 5
Additions (sources of cash): Increase in accrued wages and taxes 15
Subtractions (uses of cash): Increase in accounts receivable (50)
Increase in inventories (35)