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Information Technology and AISs
1. Data transcription in AISs is labor intensive and is prone to introduce errors into
2. A printer is an example of an input device.
3. A computer mouse is an example of an input device.
4. Equipment that surrounds a computer and assists it with input and output tasks is
called “peripheral equipment.”
5. An example of a source document is an employee payroll check.
6. An example of a source document is an employee time card.
7. “Data transcription” is the same as “data communications.”
8. Plastic cards with magnetic strips are an example of bar code input.
9. PDA is an acronym for “personal digital access.”
10. Equipment that gathers accounting data at the point at which a sale is made are
sometimes called POS devices.
11. The acronym OCR stands for “optical character recognition.”
12. A Palm Pilot is an example of a PDA.
13. The processing power of a computer is often measured by the power of its CPU.
14. CPU is an acronym for “computerized peripheral unit.”
15. The processing power of the CPU in a mainframe computer is greater than in a
16. RAM is an acronym for “record access machine.”
17. RAM is an acronym that stands for “read and manipulate.”
18. RAM is usually measured in megahertz.
19. A kilobyte of computer storage is equal to one million bytes.
20. The two components of a microprocessor are the arithmetic-logic unit and the
21. Processor speeds are very important to AIS applications because faster processors
automatically lead to greater throughput.
22. Laser printers and dot-matrix printers produce equal quality output.
23. In online, real-time systems, hard-copy output may be less desirable than soft-copy
video screen display output.
24. For fast printing, most AIS systems use ink jet printers rather than laser printers.
25. Multimedia output typically combines video, graphics, animation, and sound outputs.
26. Magnetic disks and USB flash disks are examples of secondary storage media.
27. CD-ROM disks and hard disks have about the same capacities.
28. Accounting data are typically stored on hard disks in groupings called “computer
29. Each computer record on a hard disk is composed of sub-elements called “data
30. The term “ROM” (as in CD-ROM) means “read-only memory.”
31. The acronym “worm” means that some types of CD-ROMs can be rewritten
32. A “DVD” disk is read magnetically.
33. A DVD typically has a greater storage capacity than a CD-ROM medium.
34. Flash memories are used exclusively on digital cameras.
35. The term “data communications” primarily refers to the transfer of data from primary
memory to hard disks.
36. The mechanism for transferring data between components of the CPU is called a
TRAIN (Transfer Random Accessed Instructions Now).
37. The term “modem” is short for modulator-emulator.
38. The term “enrollment” refers to the initial reading in a biometric authentication.
39. An example of a “communications channel” is microwave transmission.
40. LAN is an acronym for “local area network.”
41. The central computer that acts as a hub in a LAN is called a “file server.”
42. An advantage of using a LAN is the ability to distribute information among the
employees in the same building.
43. An advantage of using a LAN is the ability to share computer files and equipment.
44. A computer network spanning a small area such as a single building is a WAN.
45. A computer network spanning a regional or national area is called a WAN.
46. Client/Server computing enables businesses to distribute the computer processing
of the system between the client computer and the server computer.
47. The “application-logic” component of a client/server system refers to where the
processing logic of the system takes place.
48. Wireless data communications refers to the ability to transmit data over fiber optic
cables instead of twisted pair wires.
49. Bluetooth is actually a wireless data communications standard that allows unlike
communications devices to communicate with one another.
50. An operating system is a set of computer programs that helps a computer run itself.
51. Programs such as Windows Vista and Unix are examples of application programs.
52. Fortran, COBOL, and RPG are examples of computer operating systems.
53. Digital cameras are useful for personal applications, but are not used much for
54. A legacy system is an example of an older computer system, typically running on a
55. The terms kilobyte, megabyte, terabyte, and gigabyte are correctly ordered by size
56. The term RFID is acronym for “registered for information or data.”
57. The term cloud computing refers to services that organizations can access on the
58. An advantage of cloud computing is that data are always obscured.
59. The acronym ERP stands for “electronic or radio patron.”
60. A “mom-and-pop” convenience store would be an example of a business that would
best utilize an ERP system.
61. All of the following are reasons why information technology is important to
a) IT supports AIS functions such as communications and record keeping
b) Accountants must often evaluate AISs for themselves or for clients
c) It is important to keep up; if your competitors buy new computers, you should
d) IT is likely to affect the way accountants work in the future
62. The AICPA regularly conducts a voluntary survey to identify a list of important IT
trends or factors called:
a) The Top Ten Technologies
b) The Top Twenty Technologies
c) IT Trends for Tomorrow
d) The AICPA IT List
63. The hardware of a computer system includes the computer itself and other devices
that help the computer perform its tasks. These “other devices” are commonly also
a) Helper equipment
b) IT devices
c) Peripheral equipment
d) Secondary equipment
e) Accessory equipment
64. All of the following are examples of peripheral equipment except:
a) Input equipment
b) Output equipment
c) Communications equipment
d) Primary memory equipment
e) Secondary storage equipment
65. Which of these is one of the five interacting components of an accounting
a) Fuzzy logic
66. Time cards, reservation screens, and bank deposits screens best describes which of
a) Data transcription
b) Point-of-sale devices
c) Source documents
d) Turnaround documents
e) Data transaction documents
67. Which of the following is not a characteristic of MICR?
a) Allows documents of many sizes
b) Is only machine readable
c) Magnetic strength diminishes over time
d) Pioneered by the banking industry
68. The UPC code is an example of a(n):
c) Bar code
d) Biometric input
69. Which of the following best describes documents initially prepared by a company,
then sent to individuals, and returned to an organization for data processing?
a) Mark-sense media
b) Source documents
c) Turnaround documents
d) MICR documents
70. A POS device is usually attached to a:
b) Bank check
c) Cash register
e) Computer mouse
71. POS devices, bar code readers, and OCR devices are examples of:
a) Input devices
b) Output devices
c) Processing devices
d) Transaction devices
72. Minicomputers, mainframe computers, supercomputers, and laptops are examples
a) Input devices
b) Output devices
c) Central processing units
d) Display devices
73. Printers and monitors are examples of:
a) Output devices
b) Input devices
c) Processing devices
d) Storage devices
74. A portable computing device that enables users to maintain personal data like
addresses, appointment calendars, and check registers and that can also include
wireless technology and digital cameras:
c) Personal computer
75. A secondary storage device that protects against disk failures and increases storage
capacities by using stacks of hard disks best describes which of the following?
a) Magnetic disk
b) CD-ROM disk
c) Flash memory
d) WORM (Write-once, Read-many) Disks
e) RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks)
76. A 5-inch plastic disk used to store information up to 17 gigabytes describes which of
b) Flash memory
c) Zip disk
d) DVD disk
77. A bar code reader is most likely to be used by which type of system?
a) POS system
b) MICR system
c) Printer/scanner system
d) Fax machine system
78. Which type of company is most likely to use MICR?
a) Grocery store
c) Phone company
d) Web site seller
79. The term “mark sense media” is most-closely related to which of the following?
a) POS system
b) OCR system
c) MICR system
d) ABA system
80. Which of the following is the most important reason to use POS systems, OCR
systems, or MICR systems?
a) To use the latest information technology
b) To avoid data transcription
c) To create an extra layer of IT infrastructure
d) To decrease dependency on foreign oil
81. The term “enrollment” is most closely associated with which of the following?
a) ABA systems
b) Biometric scanners
c) POS systems
82. Which of the following is correct?
a) A laptop computer is an example of a minicomputer
b) Minicomputers are more powerful than microcomputers
c) Minicomputers are examples of PDAs
d) A mainframe computer is an example of a supercomputer
83. An older computer system, typically using a mainframe, centralized data processing,
and COBOL software, is often called a:
a) Supercomputer system
b) Primary system
c) Legacy system
d) Traditional system
84. The reason why processor speeds are not important to AISs is because:
a) Most AIS processing is performed on weekends anyway
b) There are so many of them in the world today
c) Microcomputers are so inexpensive these days
d) Most computers are I/O bound
85. Which of these is another common name for a printed document?
a) A foldable document
b) A hard-copy document
c) A soft-copy document
d) A POS document
86. Which of these is not an example of a type of printer?
a) Dot-matrix printer
b) Inkjet printer
c) Laser printer
d) VGA printer
87. The speed of a printer is commonly measured in:
88. Within the context of the chapter on IT, which of these is not an acronym?
e) all of these are acronyms
89. When associated with CD-ROMs, the letters “rw” mean:
d) Regular width
90. A USB drive that uses flash memory is an example of a(n):
a) Input device
b) Output device
c) Secondary storage device
d) Web device
91. The term “EDRM” is mostly-closely associated with:
a) Records management
b) Points-of-sale processing
d) Electronic data recording and merchandising
92. Which of the following is not an example of a communication channel?
a) Twisted-Pair wires
b) Coaxial Cables
c) Optical Fibers
93. Data communication speeds are typically measured in:
94. A computer network spanning regional, national, or global areas best describes
which of the following?
95. Hardware or software that guards organizational information from external sources
best describes which of the following?
d) ISDN servers
96. Which of the following is a component of a client/server system?
a) User component
b) Satellite component
c) Data-management component
d) Output component
97. The user’s view of a client/server system best describes which component of a
a) Application-logic component
b) Data-management component
c) Presentation component
d) Data-transmission component
98. This measures how close a biometric reading is to a prerecorded template:
a) PDA reading
b) Hamming distance
c) Match percentage
d) Legacy amount
99. A system that uses inexpensive or diskless microcomputers instead of more
expensive models to save money on system acquisition and maintenance costs
describes which component of a client/server system?
a) Data-management component
b) Application-logic component
c) Thin-client system
d) Presentation component
100. The special cards that users can store in their cars to gain access to parking lots
and breeze through collection booths on toll roads are examples of:
a) RFID systems
b) NFC systems
c) POS systems
d) MICR systems
101. This is an example of an RFID system with a very limited range (less than 8 inches):
a) LAN system
b) NFC system
c) WAN system
d) MICR system
102. Menus, icons, and other graphical elements are an example of which of the
a) Utility programs
b) Personal productivity software
c) Virtual storage
d) Graphical user interface (GUI)
103. Programs that help users perform such tasks as copying files, converting files from
one format to another, compressing files, performing system diagnostics, and
building disk directories best describes which of the following?
a) Antivirus software
b) Utility programs
c) Application software
d) Operating system software
104. Application software that enables businesses and government agencies to transmit
and manipulate financial data on an organization-wide basis best describes:
a) Communication software
b) CAD software
c) Enterprise resource planning (ERP) software
d) Programming software
105. Software used for preparing payrolls, maintaining accounts receivable files, or
controlling inventory best describes:
a) Communication software
b) Personal productivity software
c) Project management software
d) Accounting software
106. All of the following are programming languages except:
107. The translation process of converting source code into machine language (object
code) is performed by which of the following?
a) Utility program
b) System software
c) ERP (Enterprise Resource Management) software
108. This is the process of recording the biometric readings of a legitimate user for the
b) Biometric recording
d) Digital assisting
109. The term DSL is mostly closely associated with:
c) Compiling computer programs
d) Digital data transmission
110. The term cloud computing refers to:
a) Fuzzy computing logic
b) Hidden computer data, which are obscured in some way
c) Purchasing computing services on the Internet
d) Undetected errors in data processing
111. An advantage of cloud computing is that:
a) No one understands it, including hackers and would-be fraudsters
b) All data inputs, processing, and outputs are hidden
c) Users pay only for the services they require
d) Smaller businesses or government agencies cannot use it
112. Which of these is least likely to be an example of a cloud computing service?
a) The development of a web site for a retail store
b) The remote processing of payroll records for a manufacturer
c) The use of computer time on a remote supercomputer by a research firm
d) Interviewing candidates for an executive accountant
e) all of these are reasonable examples of cloud computing services
113. Which of these is a drawback of cloud computing?
a) Inability to handle periods of peak processing loads
b) Users must still invest heavily in computer resources of their own
c) Requires users to pay for services, whether they use them or not
d) May requires users to trust service provider with sensitive data
e) none of these are drawbacks of cloud computing
114. Which of these terms is most closely associated with cloud computing?
a) Data processing
c) Data communications
d) Source programming language
115. Which of these is not an example of application software?
a) Operating systems
b) Spreadsheet packages
c) Accounting packages
d) Database management systems
e) all of these are examples of application software
For the following terms find the correct definition below and place the letter of that response in
the blank space next to the term. Each definition is used only once – there are two terms that
are not used.
116. ______ Input-processing-output
117. ______ POS system
118. ______ data transcription
119. ______ MICR coding
120. ______ biometric verification
121. ______ legacy system
122. ______ gigabyte
123. ______ terabyte
124. ______ worm
125. ______ RFID
A. Automated data recording for input
B. Potential bottleneck for processing accounting data
C. An older AIS, typically using a mainframe computer
D. 1 billion bytes
E. The data processing cycle for processing most accounting transactions
F. A type of CD encoding
G. 1 trillion bytes
H. Threshold hamming distance
I. Data communications using radio waves
J. Used by banks for automated data input
K. 1 thousand bytes
L. 1 million bytes
Short Answer Questions
126. What components make up an AIS system?
127. Why are microprocessor speeds rarely important to an AIS?
128. What is the difference between mainframe/host computing and microcomputer