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Creative Thinking & Arts-Based Learning 7e (Isenberg/Jalongo)
Chapter 2 Supporting Children’s Play, Games, and Inventions
1) Which type of play is characterized by using imagination to transform self and objects?
A) symbolic play
B) constructive play
C) games with rules
D) functional play
2) Classical theories of play include all of the following except:
C) surplus energy
E) psychoanalytic theory
3) A group of young children are called to the meeting area by their teacher and she leads them
in a finger play. Which type of play does this represent?
A) work disguised as play
B) child-initiated play, freely chosen
C) directed play
D) facilitative play
4) Play offers an opportunity to respect cultural diversity. The teacher needs to:
A) formally teach cultural differences before play begins
B) provide varied materials and books representing different cultures for children to explore
C) refrain from learning too much about a culture to avoid influencing the play
D) formally introduce children from other cultures into the classroom
5) Sociodramatic play:
A) is pursued in isolation
B) relies exclusively on nonverbal communication
C) is purely imitative
D) involves more than one child in verbal communication and interaction around a jointly-
elaborated sequence or theme.
6) Play serves a vital role in children’s social development because it:
A) Increases social competence
B) Allows them to practice communication skills
C) Allows them to take on other roles and points of view
D) Teaches them to share
E) All of the above
7) According to the text, play supports children’s emotional development by all of the following
A) Providing an outlet to express feelings
B) Teaching them to explore other roles
C) Providing a way to deal with powerful emotions
D) Sharing materials and experiences
E) Teaching them to control and suppress emotions
8) During the infant through toddler stage, children engage in:
A) Symbolic play
B) Sociodramatic play
C) Functional play
D) Constructive play
9) Teachers should intervene in children’s play in all of the following situations except:
A) An argument or fight arises
B) A child is unable to accomplish an objective
C) When a task selected by the children appears to be too difficult or dangerous
D) A child asks for their participation
E) When children appear to be watching others play
10) When teachers provide feedback on a child’s play activity, they are acting as a(n):
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11) Activities such as singing ABC songs, spelling games, and addition facts races are
considered ________ learning.
12) Group games, fingerplays, and directed story reenactment is considered ________ learning.
B) guided discovery
13) Which characteristic is not associated with play?
A) the child is in control
B) the child engages freely in pretend
C) stringent time constraints are placed on the activity
D) the activity is child-directed
14) This theorist emphasized the way children use play as a vehicle for social interaction and the
development of the social tool called language.
15) A first-grade teacher suggests to his team that recess should be replaced with additional
instructional time for letter recognition remediation activities. What does research show about
A) Children do not need recess; they can play at home.
B) Learning letters is much more important than any physical skill.
C) Children need the physical activity offered during recess.
D) Fine motor skills are far more important than large motor skills in young children’s
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16) In order to model storytelling to her group of second graders, a teacher can:
A) Show a video of a celebrity reading the story
B) Play a video recording of the book’s text
C) Tell the story using simple props
D) Read the story to the children using different voices for each character
17) Arturo, a third grader and ELL, appears to be disinterested in many of the picture books that
his teacher shares during class. How could his teacher offer support?
A) Send the books home and ask his parents to explain the stories to him.
B) Don’t worry about the problem unless his grades fall.
C) Give him a copy of the story to read at home.
D) Build prior knowledge before sharing books, identify bilingual books (with the text written
both in English and in Spanish), incorporate stories from his Hispanic heritage, and allow him to
choose books that match his particular interests.
18) When reading a nonfiction book that relates to the fairy tale read in the basal reader, the
teacher is disappointed because her first-graders are not asking questions or showing excitement
about the material. What is an effective strategy the teacher can use to encourage more student
A) Wait until the next day; maybe the children will be ready to discuss it later.
B) Pause periodically and ask the children to explain or “recap” what has happened thus far in
the story and to ask questions about anything that is unclear.
C) Tell the children to listen carefully and reread the story aloud very slowly to facilitate
D) Stop reading the story until students are more engaged in the text.
19) A teacher is watching her preschoolers pretend to be cooks who are preparing food for other
children pretending to be servers and customers. She thinks this could be a good math learning
experience, so she stops the play and sets up a toy cash register. Her purpose is to teach the
children the numbers on the various play money coins and bills. Based on what you have read in
your text thus far, which of the following perspectives is most accurate?
A) This is a highly effective way to add a math objective into play.
B) The teacher has intervened to the extent that this activity is no longer play; it is a teacher-
C) The teacher should omit pretend play in the daily schedule altogether and replace it with math
D) Teachers should always be an observer and remain on the sidelines when children are
engaged in spontaneous play.
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20) A group of third graders have been begging to play the new board games that were
purchased by the parent/teacher group for their classroom, but the teacher is unsure about how to
proceed because he doesn’t think that a couple of the students would handle games well. What
should the teacher do?
A) Avoid using the games until the children in question are absent or working with an aide.
B) Organize the games from simple to complex, introduce them one at a time, demonstrate the
object and rules of each game, provide children with guided practice, and assign children to
small groups—based on their strengths and interests.
C) Reserve the games as a reward for the top students who have completed all of their work.
D) Store the board games on a high shelf and use them during indoor recess only.
21) Mia and Emmy are at the water table. Mia is pretending her boat is under attack by pirates.
Emmy is pretending to be in the kitchen washing dishes. Although both girls are playing at the
same location they are using the water in very different ways. What kind of play is this an
22) A four-year-old boy is playing by himself. He is pretending to be a doll’s father and asks the
doll if he wants to go outside and play ball after lunch. Which classical theory of play best
explains this behavior?
23) Since the early 1990s researchers focused on ________ has impacted beliefs and practices in
early childhood learning.
B) inquiry learning
C) the whole child as a learner
D) all of the above
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24) The creative arts include:
G) all of the above
25) Research on play shows that play helps children develop:
A) sophisticated classification skills
B) higher order thinking skills
C) the ability to use prior knowledge when constructing new understandings
D) all of the above
26) Some adaptations that teachers can make to include diverse learners in play include:
A) Providing many opportunities for dramatic play to offer group interactions and build comfort
among the peer group
B) Provide children with a script to help children understand the language of play
C) Create a separate activity for the children with developmental or language delays
D) Explain what is happening in the play setting
E) All of the above except for C
27) Use the following choices to answer the items below.
A. functional play
B. symbolic play
C. constructive play
D. games with rules
1. ________ Referred to as sensorimotor, practice, or exercise play.
2. ________ When the child focuses on a lasting end product.
3. ________ Fourth graders playing Monopoly or Scrabble.
4. ________ Used most frequently by preschoolers to create something according to a preconceived plan.
5. ________ A group of kindergartners are playing veterinarian’s office with stuffed toys as patients.
6. ________ Infants grasping a mobile.
7. ________ A toddler pretends to drink from her empty cup.
8. ________ A type of play that depends on skills such as coordination, language, cooperation, and competition.
9. ________ School-aged children playing marbles.
10. ________ Typical play of an infant who fills and empties a plastic milk bottle.
Answer: 1. A, 2. C, 3. D, 4. C, 5. B, 6. A, 7. B, 8. D, 9. D, 10. A
28) Match each modern theorist with the correct description.
1. ________ Play develops self-esteem as children gain mastery of physical and social
2. ________ Children individually create their own knowledge about the world through
different types of play.
3. ________ Play is an important vehicle for emotional release.
4. ________ Play acts as a mental support that enables children to solve problems in new
ways (Zone of Proximal Development).
5. ________ Play promotes flexible thinking and creative problem solving.
Answer: 1. C, 2. E, 3. B, 4. A, 5. D
29) Match each play characteristic to the example it best describes below.
A. intrinsically motivated
F. A and C
1. When children who are engaged in hospital play decide to use a toy stethoscope, use real
gauze for bandages, and write out prescriptions on a note pad, this illustrates the _________
characteristic of play.
2. If a group of kindergartners are at play and one says, “No! Robbers aren’t supposed to get
away from the cops,” this illustrates the _________ characteristic of play.
3. When children return to a favorite play theme over and over again, this is evidence that the
play is _________.
4. If a teacher assigns a play theme to children, it is no longer _________.
5. If a child uses one thing to stand for something else, such as a puzzle for a food tray, this
illustrates the _________ characteristic of play.
Answer: 1. F, 2. D, 3. E, 4. A, 5. B
30) Match the level of social play to its description or example.
A. unoccupied behavior
B. onlooker behavior
C. solitary play
D. parallel play
E. associative play
F. cooperative play
G. A, B, and C
1. ________ Children play with each other in similar loosely organized activities; some
attempts made to control who may join the group.
2. ________ A child stands within speaking/hearing distance and observes, asks questions and
talks to other children but does not actually enter into play.
3. ________ A child simply watches the activity of others; tends to wander about aimlessly and
glance around the room.
4. ________ A child plays alongside or nearby another child; uses like toys but does not really
5. ________ Children engage in complex, social organization with shared common goals
such as making a product, dramatizing a situation, or playing a formal game;
children take different roles and have a strong sense of belonging or not belonging to the group.
6. ________ A group of second graders playing kick ball or Red Rover.
7. ________ A level of play common in children who are newcomers to the group or culture.
8. ________ A level of play typical among infants or toddlers.
9. ________ A level of play common among school-age children.
10. ________ Type of play in which little direct involvement in another child’s play takes place.
11. ________ The most socialized form of play.
12. ________ If two toddlers play side by side with blocks, this is play.
Answer: 1. E, 2. B, 3. A, 4. D, 5. F, 6. F, 7. B, 8. C, 9. F, 10. G, 11. F, 12. D
31) Match the role of the teacher in play to the description or example.
1. ________ When John and Maria argue over a block, Mr. Tony steps in and helps the
children negotiate to solve the problem.
2. ________ Ms. Sonya comments on the Raya’s Lego car, “I see you have built a fast car with
3. ________ In the home living area Mr. Garcia asks Reagan, “Please pass the milk.”
4. ________ Ms. Wanda notices that Grace is struggling with a complicated puzzle and is
5. ________ Mr. Gary joined the children in the block area when invited to play in a game by
6. ________ Ms. Gemma places a magnifying glass and several small rocks and gems on a
the children to explore during morning exploration.
Answer: 1. F, 2. D, 3. E, 4. A, 5. B, 6. C
32) Games and inventions teach little to help children attain valuable emotional skills.
33) Play has little or no effect on developing social competencies in children.
34) Dramatic play that involves more than one child and has verbal communication about the
play is called sociodramatic play.
35) The teacher has responsibilities for play that encompass allocating time, providing play
materials, and functioning as a facilitator for children’s play.
36) Preschool children usually prefer competitive games.
37) Children with special needs cannot be expected to participate in play activities.
38) The recreation/relaxation theory of play suggests that play replenishes energy used during
39) Playing with writing tools helps children to develop large motor control skills.
40) Singing ABC songs is an example of work disguised as play.
41) Play has a developmental sequence.
42) Play contributes to all areas of children’s development.
43) Since play is purely a recreational activity for children, it has no significant impact on their
44) Much of the research on play shows its relationship to the development of children’s ability
to relate to other cultures.
45) Active play contributes to children’s gross motor development.
46) Games provide opportunities to learn and practice skills across all learning domains.
47) As children mature and enter the primary grades, their play tends to focus more on games
48) For older children, the ability to use a reflective and analytical approach to language is
unrelated to their level of linguistic awareness and achievements.
49) Teachers should assume a role that dominates the direction of children’s play.
50) Standards are statements that guide what children should know and be able to do in a given
content area at a given time.
51) John Dewey, Patty Smith Hill, and Susan Isaacs were all strong advocates of play in the
early childhood classroom. Choose one of these leaders and describe his/her views and beliefs on
children and their play. Are these beliefs consistent with your views? Why or why not?
52) Isenberg and Jalongo describe three important literacy understandings that children often
reveal through their play. List and explain these three understandings.
53) Play is considered an important component of creative development. Describe how play
contributes to creative thought and give two examples that you might find in an early childhood
54) Theories of “why children play” can be classified as classical or modern. Select one classical
and one modern theory to describe and explain (explain what? This does not make sense. I
suggest removing the word “explain” since it is redundant).
55) The development and proficiency of oral language skills is reinforced through play. List and
describe the four oral language skills seen during play and give an example of how play supports each.
56) Integrating play into the curriculum is a powerful tool for expanding student learning and
understanding. Give an example of how Games can be integrated into the curriculum in a
preschool classroom and in a school aged classroom.