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Early Childhood Education Today, 14e (Morrison)
Chapter 2 Current Issues and Public Policy: Contemporary Influences on Children
2.1 Multiple Choice Questions
1) Currently, the federal poverty level is ________ for a family of four.
2) Children whose parents are unemployed are at an increased risk for experiencing all of the
following EXCEPT ________.
C) Child abuse
D) Cultural diversity
3) Socioeconomic status (SES) consists of three interrelated measures: ________.
A) Parents’ education levels, parents’ employment status, and family income
B) Family income, ethnic origin, and literacy skills
C) Parents’ education levels, cultural backgrounds, and frequency of school visits
D) Ethnic origins, location of residence, and ability to speak English
4) Funding for schools is determined by ________.
A) School fund raisers and property taxes
B) Standardized test results and property taxes
C) The number of minorities in schools and standardized test results
D) The percentage of children living in poverty and property taxes
5) Kendra and Jaime have a family with two girls. They are well-read parents and are very
concerned about the gender achievement gap. Tonight they are attending the school/family
meeting to find out how the school is handling this situation. All of the following statements are
true about the gender achievement gap EXCEPT which one?
A) There is a high participation gap in math and science subjects between the genders.
B) The gender achievement gap has created a shortage of girls in STEM-related classes.
C) The family income level is the most important issue in gender related issues.
D) There is a belief that science, math, and athletic based classes are considered to be
6) Amanda and Toni chose not to get married, but are living together as life partners. They are
raising Toni’s two children from a previous marriage. This scenario is a description of how
families are changing in ________.
7) Many hospitals and community colleges are providing courses and seminars to support fathers
in preparing them for the joys and responsibilities of fathering. They are doing this because
A) Many men feel unprepared for fatherhood
B) Court cases are proving the significance of fatherhood
C) It is the 21st Century award requirement
D) Fathers are the head of most middle class families
8) ________ is the most prevalent chronic disease in children and adults.
B) Allergic reactions
C) Lead poisoning
D) Dental caries
9) Teachers can reduce the effects of asthma in the classroom by doing the following EXCEPT
A) Reducing or eliminating carpeting
B) Use fragrant air fresheners daily
C) Wipe down all classroom surfaces daily
D) Regularly change air conditioner filters
10) Exposure to ________ can lead to low IQs, short attention spans, hyperactivity, learning
disabilities, and behavioral problems.
D) Cleaning fluids
11) Toys, furniture, and products manufactured overseas may contain ________ and need to be
checked before use by children.
C) Hydroxy acids
12) The belief that one particular race is better than or superior to others is known as ________.
D) Cultural hierarchy
13) Longview elementary school uses the “talk, walk, and squawk” method to prevent bullying.
In this method, children are taught to do the following when confronted by a bully.
A) Shout out a signal and walk to the nearest teacher and tell him/her to get adult support.
B) Walk in groups, talk to each other, and shout out a warning signal if bullying occurs.
C) Verbally stand up for themselves, walk away-but do not run as it might intensify the bullying-
and to tell a teacher.
D) Talk calmly to the bully using short phrases, walk away and if necessary run to safety, and
write an incident report.
14) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 addresses ________.
A) Giving equal opportunities to boys and girls
B) Reducing childhood obesity
C) Federal assessment guidelines
D) Guidelines for students with disabilities
15) Mrs. Jones has noticed a student acting oddly and is concerned. He seems afraid, has had odd
bruises, and does not want to go home after school. Mrs. Jones shared this information with the
principal and he said he would “take care of it.” Mrs. Jones should ________.
A) Report to Child Protective Services
B) Respect her principal’s wishes but monitor the child’s behavior
C) Continue to investigate by questioning the student and taking photos of injuries
D) Go to the parents to share her concerns
16) Elizabeth does not like a girl in her class so she went on Facebook and posted that she was a
trashy pig and a thief. This action is ________.
A) Typical for children today
B) Of no concern to the school
17) In addition to the guidelines for teaching children with special needs set by NAEYC,
educators should also consult guidelines from ________.
A) Division of Early Childhood and the Council for Exceptional Children
B) No Child Left Behind
C) Public Law 93-247
D) Children with Disabilities Council and Inclusion Council
18) Today in America the New Majority Minorities are primarily ________.
A) Hispanic and Canadian
B) Latino and Hispanic
C) Hispanic and Asian
D) Latino and Eurasian
19) Supporting ELLs in the classroom might be best accomplished by ________.
A) Providing stickers or treats for good behavior
B) Making sure they are seated close to the other ELLs
C) Utilizing cooperative learning groups
D) Making sure they speak English while in school
2.2 Essay/Discussion Questions
1) What kinds of actions could you take to help children eat healthier foods and engage in a
healthier lifestyle? How would you involve parents?
• Provide parents with information about nutrition
• Encourage children to eat breakfast, and encourage parents to provide breakfast for their
• Counsel parents to pull the plug on television
• Cook with children and talk about foods and their nutritional value
• Integrate literacy and nutritional activities
• Provide opportunities for physical exercise every day
2) What are specific ways you can design classroom conditions to meet the needs of children
with special needs?
• Create a classroom schedule
• Create routines
• Have a curriculum that is appropriate for everyone
• Develop classroom management skills
• Use different types of grouping
• Arrange the environment for interaction and inclusion
• Establish rules
• Develop transitions with verbal and nonverbal cues