Instant Download with all chapters and Answers
*you will get test bank in PDF in best viewable format after buy*
Historical Overview: People and Beliefs That Shaped the Field
1) What is the definition of socioeconomic status?
A) The status within the community and society based on income level, family economic
stability, and access to resources.
B) Parents’ income level.
C) A definitive indicator of how successful children will be later in school.
D) An indicator of how hard parents are willing to work for their children’s school
2) John Locke is known for his view of children as:
A) Constructors of their own knowledge.
B) Not capable of education, innately evil.
C) Blank slates.
D) Born with innate abilities to problem solve.
3) The Romantics of the 1700s viewed education as:
A) A process that required strict habit training.
B) A naturally unfolding process through harmonious, respectful experiences.
C) A process that demanded harsh discipline and punishment to curb children’s sinful
D) A scientific process of hypothesis, inquiry, experimentation, and reflection.
4) Pestalozzi’s key beliefs included all of the following, EXCEPT:
A) All children are capable of learning
B) Parents are the child’s first teacher
C) Children learn best though lecture
D) Natural experiments in the course of daily living are prime sources of learning
5) Friedrich Froebel is best known as:
A) The creator and “father of the Kindergarten.”
B) The creator of Bank Street College of Education.
C) The first person to advocate for universal access to education.
D) The creator of the Child Study Movement.
6) Kindergartens were created around this basic philosophy:
A) Children need careful, teacher-directed instruction.
B) Teachers should carefully study children and write detailed reports on their progress.
C) Families should have only minimal involvement in children’s education.
D) Early education should be gentle, harmonious, and allow for development to unfold
7) What were the goals of the Day Nurseries?
A) Provide a service to working parents and custodial care to children.
B) Provide enhanced educational programming for wealthy children.
C) Serve as a training ground for professionalization of teachers.
D) Serve as a lab school for university researchers.
8) Emergent curriculum, integrating Dewey’s beliefs, is defined as which of the following?
A) Prescribed curriculum plans based on themes.
B) Lesson plans that are designed to be fun for children.
C) Learning experiences and plans that emerge from children’s interests and daily lives.
D) Curriculum plans that integrate health and welfare services.
9) What global event led to the Progressive movement falling out of favor and being
replaced with a more academic/scientific school curriculum?
A) Soviet launching of Sputnik
B) Child Study Movement
C) Korean War
D) Separation of church and state
10) The Bank Street College of Education philosophy is centered around the belief that:
A) A more scientific approach, integrating rigorous academics, is essential for modern
B) Teachers should be trained in classrooms separate from children.
C) Education should strive to cultivate the individual, with less emphasis on a social
D) Education and development is based on interactions between peers, adults, materials,
society/community, and ideas.
11) Piaget’s concept of accommodation is defined as:
A) Changing existing beliefs based on new information or experience that challenges
current knowledge, so that new understanding is created.
B) The cognitive state of balance, where the child feels comfortable with beliefs, ideas,
C) Integrating new experiences, ideas, or beliefs, into existing knowledge structures.
D) Being given new information not previously experienced.
12) What are the key components in Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development?
A) Children work on simple, repetitive tasks to build confidence, teachers observe and
B) Children are given tasks above their ability while teachers assess progress.
C) Children watch teachers as they silently complete tasks and then they try it
D) Children work on challenging tasks with varying assistance of more skilled teachers.
13) Culturally responsive practices recognize the many ways children are diverse. NAEYC
suggestions for best practices includes all of the following, EXCEPT:
A) Seek out resources and information that will help you understand and value individual
B) Encourage all parents to only speak English in the home to assist Dual Language
Learning children in learning English more quickly.
C) Foster home—school connections, using translation software or community services
D) Give all children opportunities to represent their knowledge and experiences