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Conceptual Perspectives on Globalization
Multiple Choice Questions
1. A clear polarization in the debate surrounding globalization has led to
A. the quick rise of a belief group falling between the two poles.
B. two distinct views of globalization and its effects.
C. civil unrest in a number African nations.
D. a lack of cooperation in the analysis of globalization.*
E. Both C and D
2. The spread of technology, ease of communication, and growth of mass media has
had all of the below effects EXCEPT:
A. It has assisted all countries in reaping the benefits of
B. It has allowed for an increase in globalized services and
C. It has robbed national governments of many instruments of
D. It has led to the spread of multinational corporations.
E. It has made possible the destabilization of fragile economies.
3. Economic Globalization refers to
A. the progressive “networking” of national markets.*
B. the spread of foreign currency to another market.
C. increased economic distribution.
D. more liberalized markets.
4. Which of the following is an example of a non-governmental organization
A. The World Trade Organization (WTO).
B. The International Monetary Fund (IMF).
C. The UN Security Council.
D. Amnesty International.*
5. Globalization must be viewed as
A. a multi-tier, multidimensional, and multinational set of
B. a highly organized and advanced movement of culture and
C. a single planed event traceable to the early 1500s.
D. a multilevel exchange of goods.
6. “Neo-liberalism” in economic globalization refers to
A. a reversion to progressive ideas.
B. centralizing the role of government and solidifying the market.
C. the rise of neo national market policy.
D. emphasizing the role of the market while minimizing government
7. According to Jeffery Sachs, which of the following is counted by virtually all
scholars as an important feature of globalization?
A. The growth and spread of investment capital money and financial
B. Increased connectivity.
C. Reduction of foreign direct investment.
D. Greater import export ratios.
8. Wayne Ellwood projects that global income will increase to
A. $100 Billion.
B. $200 Billion.
C. $350 Billion.
D. $500 Billion.*
9. The realm of finance globalization is manifested through what?
A. Unprecedented integration of international financial markets.*
B. The NYSE.
C. The creation of the Euro.
D. MNCs spread into foreign markets.
10. In the realm of finance, globalization has lead to
A. an influx of demand and a reduction in supply.
B. reduced complex interdependence.
C. a rising level of capital flows, and unprecedented integration of
D. a more even distribution of wealth throughout the international
11. Who is associated with the quote: “It is sovereignty that is most at risk from
A. Susan Strange
B. Ian Clark*
C. Nicholas Negropanti
D. Kenichi Ohmae
12. The realm of political globalization refers to
A. the impact on the state.
B. the impact on the state system.
C. the spread of different ideologies.
D. the impact of democratization on the global market.
E. Both A and B*
13. The spread of American ideologies into South America is an example of
A. cultural globalization.*
B. economic globalization.
C. political globalization.
D. ideological globalization.
14. State Sovereignty is argued to be interfered with by globalization because of
A. The decrease in state autonomy due to interconnectedness.
B. The creation of the WTO.
C. The destruction of the gold backed dollar.
D. The rise of NGOs and IGOs*
15. According to the text, upon which two areas of international relations does
globalization have the greatest effect?
A. The Global North and the Global South.
B. The State and the State System.*
C. Transnational and local industry.
D. International and Supranational trade.
16. The globalizing process’s impact on individual states, as well as on the state
system at regional and global levels, is a measurement of
B. international political economy.
C. cultural globalization.
D. economic globalization.
E. political globalization.*
17. In the process of globalizing, nations lose
A. political parties.
D. international security.
E. None of the above
18. Former UN secretary general Kofi Annan believes that nation-states
A. are a thing of the past.
B. are still an imperative part of the international system.*
C. that participate in the UN will never enter conflict with one
D. that trade with one another will never engage in armed conflict.
E. with democratic governments will excel in the ever-globalizing
19. Increased globalization has led to an increase in the number of
A. regional systems.
B. international systems.
C. intergovernmental organizations.
D. nonstate transnational actors.
E. All of the above*
20. An idea that states are still the most important part of the international system is
21. Near the end of WWII in 1944, which institution helped set the stage for the
current regulatory system in the world economy?
A. The World Trade organization (WTO).
B. The General Agreement on Tarrifs and Trade (GATT).*
C. The Federal Reserve Bank.
D. The International Bank of Switzerland.
22. Political globalization has brought about the
A. downfall of the nation state.
B. reconfiguration of regional and international systems.*
C. spread of power to the elite.
D. intensification of power solely in the hands of NGOs.
23. Cultural Globalization refers to
A. the fusion of food, music, dance and fashion.*
B. the dominance of Americanism.
C. the preponderance of democracy throughout the world.
D. the separation of various cultures.
24. According to Robert Robertson, cultural globalization is
A. the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole.*
B. the destruction of indigenous ideas.
C. the crux of western influence.
D. the assertion of sovereignty.
25. What is meant by Cultural Globalization?
A. The transfers of popular culture in food, dance, and fashion, as
well as business practices.*
B. The lessening importance of the State as a source of influence.
C. The export of movies.
D. The increase of ethnic food in urban centers.
26. According to the author, “The world is becoming a _________.”
A. single place*
B. corporate playground
C. global milieu
D. cultural pandemic
E. peaceful system
27. Arguably, a globalized culture would ultimately
A. be a world with no culture at all.
B. be impossible to achieve.
C. create a more peaceful world.*
D. lead to the demise of social classes.
E. None of the above
28. Globalization is powerful because it embraces all of the following EXCEPT
C. social structures.
E. Globalization embraces all of the above*
29. Continued civil conflict over the rule of nations reinforces the belief that
A. racial tensions are detrimental to the welfare of society.
B. international recognition of rule over a defined population is highly
C. first-world nations and international organizations are obligated to
D. the world is rid of weak domestic political structure through such
E. All of the above
Short Answer Questions
1. When economists speak of globalization, to what are they referring? (pg 20)
2. In the world of finance, how has globalization been manifested? (pg 21)
3. What have been the effects of globalization in the realm of trade? (pg 21)
4. How has global production changed as a result of globalization? Is this a positive or a
negative? (pg 21)
5. Name the two areas on which discourse on political globalization typically centers.
6. What do those in the state-centric camp believe regarding globalization? (pg 23)
1. In an essay form, discuss the facets of economic globalization, citing specific
examples from the text or personal experiences. (pg 22)
2. Of the three spheres of globalization (political, economic, and cultural), which one is
the main driving force of change? Which has been the greatest catalyst for good, and
which has caused the most harm? Using essay format, address these questions using
examples from the book and personal experiences.
3. Clearly the three realms of globalization do not take place in isolation from each other.
In an essay, describe the effects that each form of globalization has on the other two.
Use examples from the book and your personal experiences to strengthen your
4. The argument between globalists and anti-globalist is full of data which seems to say
very different things. It seems apparent that an objective form of measurement is
needed when analyzing the effects of globalization. In an essay, address the
following: (1) why the measurement of globalization matters; (2) what problems are
associated with measurement techniques; and (3) how globalization can be measured
from an objective perspective. Use examples from the book and personal experiences
to strengthen your argument.
5. In an essay, discuss the elements which make up political, economic, and cultural
globalization. Use specific examples from each area in order to paint a clear picture