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Test for Chapter 2 Identifying Main Idea and Topic
Answer the following multiple-choice questions based on the skill focus of the chapter.
1. The main idea of a passage is also
a. a supporting detail
b. the most important point the author wants to convey
c. the least important sentence
d. a key term
2. The main idea of a passage
a. is always stated in the first few sentences
b. is always stated directly
c. is never stated directly
d. may or may not be stated directly
3. To determine the main idea of a passage when it is not clearly stated, you
a. use the last sentence of the passage to help you
b. identify the author’s tone
c. use the information in the passage to infer what the author’s main point is
d. find biographical information on the author
4. Which of the following does NOT describe the topic of a passage?
a. it is more general than the main idea
b. it is a word, name or phrase that tells what the author is writing about
c. it is the main idea of a passage
d. it is the general category the author is writing about
5. The topic of a passage is
a. more general than the main idea
b. more specific than the main idea
c. similar to a thesis statement
d. similar to the author’s tone
Answer the following multiple-choice questions based on each passage and the skill
focus of the chapter.
When choosing vitamin supplements, you should consider how many vitamins
and minerals are currently provided in your diet. If you eat a healthy, wellrounded diet, it is likely that you do not need a vitamin supplement. Another
factor to consider when buying vitamins is your age. We often need different
nutrients at different stages in life. Lastly, your gender might make a difference
in the supplements you choose. Women, in particular, need more calcium as
they get older.
6. A good title for this passage would be
a. Choosing Vitamins
b. A List of the Best Vitamins
c. Vitamins Women Need
d. Why You Need Vitamin Supplements
Alcohol is a chemical commonly consumed in beverage form and may also
be added to some foods as a flavoring or preservative—but it is not considered
a nutrient. This is because it does not support the regulation of body functions
or the building or repairing of tissues. In fact, alcohol is considered to be both
a drug and a toxin.
7. A good title for this passage would be
a. What is Alcohol?
b. How Alcohol Is Bad for Our Health
c. Alcohol Is a Drug and a Toxin
d. What are drugs and toxins?
As you may know, the term organic is commonly used to describe foods that
are grown without the use of non-natural fertilizers or chemicals. But when
scientists describe individual nutrients as organic, they mean that these nutrients
contain an element called carbon that is an essential component of all living
organisms. Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and vitamins are organic because
they contain carbon. Minerals and water are inorganic because they do not
contain carbon. Organic and inorganic nutrients are equally important for
sustaining life but differ in their structures, functions, and basic chemistry.
8. The best title for this paragraph would be
a. What are organic fruits and vegetables?
b. What is carbon?
c. What does inorganic mean?
d. What does organic mean?
9. The main idea of the above passage is
a. Minerals are inorganic because they do not contain carbon
b. Vitamins are organic because they contain carbon
c. The term organic is used to describe nutrients that contain carbon
d. The term organic is often used to describe foods that are grown without the
use of non-natural fertilizers or chemicals.
Wellness can be defined in many ways. Traditionally considered simply the
absence of disease, wellness has been redefined as we have learned more
about our bodies and what it means to live a healthful lifestyle. Wellness is
now considered to be a multidimensional process, one that includes physical,
emotional, social, occupational, and spiritual health .Wellness is not an endpoint
in our lives, but is an active process we work on every day.
10. The topic of the above passage is
a. wellness is the absence of disease
b. wellness is an active process
11. The main idea could best be described as
a. The term wellness has had many definitions over the years but today has been
b. Wellness today is considered a multi-dimensional process that includes
physical, emotional, social, occupational, and spiritual health
c. Wellness is something we all must work at daily
d. Wellness is a process not a result
Fats are another important source of energy for our bodies. They are a type of
lipids, a diverse group of organic substances that are insoluble in water. Like
carbohydrates, fats are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; however,
they contain proportionally much less oxygen and water than carbohydrates
do. This quality allows them to pack together tightly, which explains why they
yield more energy per gram than either carbohydrates or proteins. Fats are an
important energy source for our bodies at rest and during low intensity exercise.
Our bodies are capable of storing large amounts of fat as adipose tissue. These
fat stores can then be broken down for energy during periods when we are not
eating; for example, while we are asleep. Foods that contain fats are also
important in providing fat-soluble vitamins and essential fatty acids.
(From Nutrition: An Applied Approach)
12. What of the following best reflects the topic of the above passage?
a. fats are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
b. fats as nutrients
c. fats are an important energy source during low intensity exercise
d. foods that contain fats can be helpful
13. What is the main idea of the above passage?
a. Fats are one of the most important energy sources for the human body
b. Fats are nutrients
c. Fats are good for the human body
d. Fats yield more energy per gram than carbohydrates
1. If you think that the word nutrition means pretty much the same thing as food,
you’re right—partially. 2. But the word has a broader meaning that will gradually
become clear as you make your way in this course. 3. Specifically, nutrition is the
science that studies food and how food nourishes our bodies and influences our
health. It encompasses how we consume, digest, metabolize, and store nutrients
and how these nutrients affect our bodies. 4. Nutrition also involves studying the
factors that influence our eating patterns, making recommendations about the
amount we should eat of each type of food, attempting to maintain food safety,
and addressing issues related to the global food supply. 5. You can think of
nutrition, then, as the discipline that encompasses everything about food.
14. The best title for this paragraph would be
a. Is Nutrition Food?
b. What is Nutrition?
c. Nutrition Means “food.”
d. Good Nutrition is the Most Important Thing We Can Do for Our Health
15. Which sentence in the paragraph most closely expresses the main idea of
the above passage?
a. sentence 1
b. sentence 2
c. sentence 3
d. sentence 4
I am surprised, and even more so concerned, about how readily people with
good common sense switch it off when it comes to weight control and the illusory
promise of a quick fix.
16. What is the main idea the author wants to convey in the above sentence from
Are Weight Loss and Common Sense at War?
a. People do not understand what to do about weight loss
b. People often lose their otherwise sound judgment when it comes to weight
c. People often forget how to approach losing weight
d. People generally do not know how to make sound judgments in their lives
The Dukan Diet is not healthful, and not sustainable. It offers nothing new — just
a new label. The princess, alas, is destined to gain back any weight she lost with
this quick-fix approach.
17. What is the main idea the author wants to convey in the above sentence
from Are Weight Loss and Common Sense at War?
a. In addition to the fact that quick-fix diets such as the Dukan Diet are not
healthy, they generally cannot be maintained in the long run
b. In addition to the fact that quick-fix diets such as the Dukan Diet are not
healthy, they generally do not help one lose weight
c. Quick-fix diets are fads that come and go and often reappear with new
d. Quick-fix diets are fads that are often popularized by famous people
And while it’s useful to point out that obese people don’t have higher rates of
anxiety, depression or mood disorders, that doesn’t mean these conditions are
never a factor in causing obesity in those who are genetically susceptible to it.
18. Which of the following best reflects the topic of the above sentence from Fat
a. Depression and obesity
b. Causes of obesity
c. Causes of mood disorders
d. How mood disorders impact obesity
19. What is the main idea the author wants to convey in the above sentence
from Fat Chance?
a. Anxiety, depression or mood disorders play a role in causing obesity in
b. Anxiety, depression or mood disorders almost never play a role in causing
c. It is not helpful to consider how anxiety, depression or mood disorders
play a role in causing obesity
d. It confuses the issue to assume that anxiety, depression or mood
disorders play a role in causing obesity
Boiling may seem like a simple, no-fuss way to prepare vegetables without
adding oil, but this cooking method can cause up to 90 percent of a food’s
nutrients to leech out, says Karen Collins, R.D., a nutrition advisor to the
American Institute for Cancer Research in Washington D.C.
20. What is the main idea the author wants to convey in the above sentence from
The 9 Most Common Kitchen Mistakes Even Healthy Women Make…..and Why
They’re Robbing Your Food of Nutrients?
a. That boiling vegetables is easier than sautéing with oil
b. That boiling vegetables significantly reduces the nutritional value of
c. That boiling vegetables is an easy way to prepare vegetables
d. It is a big mistake to boil vegetables
Answer Key for
Chapter 1: Determining Meaning from Context
Answer Key for
Chapter 2: Identifying Main Idea and Topic