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Test — Chapter 2
Choose the best, most complete answer.
1. The best metaphor for children’s minds, based on years of cognitive research is
a. blank slates (as in awaiting being written on)
b. loading docks (as in “delivery of instruction”)
c. sponge (as in full of little holes to be filled)
d. computer with software (able to process and organize much data)
e. not offered in this textbook.
2. Cause-and-effect thinking
a. does not occur until first grade
b. is shown when babies and caregivers smile at each other
c. is not found in all cultures
3 Greenspan theorized that infant experiences
a. are remembered incompletely
b. are coded and stored in memory for both their physical and emotional impact
c. must be repeated many times to have an impact.
4. The cognitive development theory that this text most closely adheres to is
a. Domain Specific
b. Domain General Cognition
c. Situated Cognition
5. In Greenspan’s theory, the key to learning is in
a. the positive adult-child emotional relationship
b. the native intelligence of the child
c. the natural and physical world’s wonders
6. Erickson’s description of child development stages implies that
a. All children go through trust, autonomy, initiative and industry the same way.
b. Teachers who understand Erickson’s stages will allow for individual differences
c. Schooling does not affect the stages.
7. “Attitude contagion” describes
a. a little known disease vector
b. fits of giggles
c. how young children often like subjects/objects just because their teacher does
8. If the teacher is bored by what she/he is teaching
a. the children do not notice as long as it is fun
b. the teacher can keep her/his feelings hidden
c. the children may think they should be bored as well.
9. The teacher has several roles in teaching science:
a. the catalyst and the facilitator
b. the administrator and the grader
c. the consultant and the model
d. a and b.
e. a and c.
10. While almost all children learn to walk and talk thru their own efforts, children who
like learning science
a. usually are geniuses
b. typically have families who encourage interest in the world at hand
c. have families who can build on the school science curriculum with some guidance
from the school.
d. b.and c.