Instant Download with all chapters and Answers
*you will get test bank in PDF in best viewable format after buy*
The Case of Barb
47 year old divorced Caucasian female
Complains of symptoms of depression
Mother left home at age 10
History of physical and sexual abuse
Married and divorced twice
Attempted suicide three times
Founder: Sigmund Freud
Grew up in Vienna, Austria
Went to medical school and became a doctor
Furthered his education by getting his doctor in psychiatry
His youngest daughter, Anna, became his intellectual heir
Pessimistic view of human nature
Dominant force is the innate sexual instinct
Emphasis on unconscious drives
Primary motivation for humans:
Conflicts between genetically built in drives
Instincts of self-preservation
Types of Instincts
Ways to express instincts
Satisfying the need
Turning the need into the opposite
Turning back on the person
The Structural Model
Pushing “unacceptable” material to the unconscious….and keeping it there!
Always involved in the formation of symptoms
Can lead to a person becoming stuck or “fixated” at a particular psychosocial
Symptoms as Symbols
Unacceptable sexual impulses
Symptoms serve as a defense against “unacceptable wishes”
Theory of the Person
Key Developmental Stages
Psychological Health and Dysfunction
Able to love and work
Demonstrates minimal levels of repression
Able to bring unconscious conflicts to the conscious and see them as sources of
Unresolved unconscious conflicts
Due to unsuccessful resolution of 1 or more psychosexual stages
Fear that libidinal drives will be expressed and danger could result
Fear of punishment by the superego
An appropriate affective reaction to real danger
Types of Dysfunction
Hysteria (Conversion Disorder)
Nature of Therapy
Formal assessment is used to gather information about the nature of the client’s
defenses and unconscious conflicts
Clients project their unconscious material onto an ambiguous stimuli
Overview of the therapeutic atmosphere
Role of the client
Reveal everything that comes to mind
Role of the counselor
Decides what is “real” vs. “not real”
Correctly interprets the client’s unconscious material
Goals of Therapy
Help client uncover and resolve unconscious conflicts
Strengthen the ego
Process of Therapy
Development of Transference
Resolution of Transference
Analysis of the resistance
Analysis of the transference
Theory testing research
Issues of Individual and Cultural Diversity
Modern offshoots appear to devalue women less
Focus of change is on the individual, not the environment
Females are HIGHLY motivated by penis envy
Clearly rooted in European values
Short Answer Questions
1. Describe Freud’s view of female development. Why is the process more difficult for women
than men, according to psychoanalytic theory?
2. State the fundamental rule of psychoanalysis and describe the theoretical rationale upon
which it rests.
3. Pick a defense mechanism, describe it, and give a client example.
4. Describe the stages of psychoanalysis.
5. What are the strengths and weaknesses of psychoanalysis in terms of working with clients
from diverse backgrounds?
6. Discuss research on outcomes of transference interpretations in psychodynamic
Multiple Choice Questions
1. For Freud, the MOST important motivator of human behavior is:
2. The MOST powerful source of human behavior, according to Freud, is
a. the unconscious
b. conscious thought
c. moral anxiety
d. early learning
3. About instincts, Freud believed
a. that they must be repressed
b. that they are directed towards preservation of the organism
c. that they must be expressed
d. b and c
4. The following, according to Freud, has no contact with reality
d. Ozzy Osborne
5. Which of the following structures have NO unconscious aspect?
d. all have unconscious aspects
6. Repression results in:
a. symptom formation
b. binding psychic energy
c. no symptoms
d. all of the above
7. Which of the following is/are true about defense mechanisms?
a. they are conscious
b. they only discharge a little instinctual energy
c. they lead to extreme behavior
d. b and c
8. The goal of psychoanalysis is to
a. shore up defenses
b. reduce repression
c. increase projection
d. a and b
9. Neurotic anxiety is
a. fear of libido
b. fear of the superego
c. fear of ego
d. fear of Sigmund Freud
10. David believes that he is possessed by the spirit of a hyper-intelligent alien being. The
government has discovered this possession and is out to get him. In Freud’s view, David is
a. moral anxiety
d. all of the above
11. The role of the analyst is BEST characterized as that of
c. fellow traveler
12. Susan the analyst looks forward to her 10:00 client on Fridays. She spends a lot of time
reading about issues relevant to this client’s presentation. Susan is probably experiencing
13. Traditional psychoanalysis is
a. well supported by research
b. mixed in terms of research support
c. not supported by research
d. known for cultural diversity.
14. The primary purpose of the training analysis is
a. to prevent countertransference
b. to make sure that the therapist knows her theory
c. to examine parallel processes between client and counselor
d. to ensure the continuation of psychoanalytic psychotherapy
15. Susan is an analyst who is working with her client Chloe and asks Chloe to “free
associate” and tell Susan everything that comes into her mind. Chloe does not
disclose everything that she is thinking because she does not feel that it is relevant
to the session. Chloe has:
a. violated the Fundamental Rule of Psychoanalysis
b. assume the role of the analyst
c. taken the “back seat”
d. completed her formal assessment
16. Which of the following is true regarding the Id and the Ego?
a. The goal of the id is to seek pleasure and avoid pain and the goal of the Ego is to satisfy
the Id and keep the individual safe.
b. Topographically, the Id represents unconsciousness and the Ego represents consciousness.
c. The Id neutralizes pressure that the individual experiences from the environment and the
Ego provides a moral guide for the individual.
d. The Id operates according to secondary process and the Ego operates according to
17. Hoagland (2007) found that transference interpretation in psychodynamic therapy was:
a. not critical to improvement.
b. more related to outcome for less dysfunctional clients.
c. more related to outcome for more dysfunctional clients.
d. a and c
18. Mary sought counseling because she feels very lonely. When Mary’s therapist began
exploring the source of Mary’s loneliness, Mary disclosed that several times, people
have told her that they have a hard time dealing with her “constantly chewing things such
as gum, hard candy, pencils and pens”. Mary’s counselor, who is a well-trained analyst,
believes that Mary is fixated in the Oral Stage of psychosexual development.
Given this information, which of the following is true?
a. Mary’s sexual drive was not satisfied from birth to age 1
b. Mary received too little Erotogenic stimulation as an infant
c. Mary received too much anal stimulation as an infant.
d. a and b
19. Dean’s wife Jean is constantly reminding Dean to pick up after himself at home. Jean
also gets upset because Dean frequently volunteers his time and sometimes their money
to their friends and other people in the community who are in need. The result of Dean’s
generosity is that Dean spends less time at home and often they do not have enough money to
cover their monthly expenses. According to Freud:
a. Dean’s parents had rigid rules about toilet training and rarely praised him for success.
b. Dean was not breast fed.
c. Dean’s parents offered extreme amounts of praise for his success in toilet training.
d. Dean never resolved his Oedipal complex
20. Nancy goes to the gym every day and pounds on a punching bag. Which defense
mechanism is she using?
a. identification with the aggressor
d. none of the above
21. What is the relative importance of cognition in Psychoanalytic theory?
a. The client’s thoughts are the most important factor in understanding behavior.
b. Cognition is important in the processing of unconscious matter.
c. Thinking about the situation helps the client begin to accept the therapist as a unique
d. The client is encouraged to use cognition to control emotions
22. What is the relative importance of behavior in Psychoanalytic theory?
a. Much behavior is driven by and related to unconscious motives.
b. The therapist notices that the client is more likely to perform desired behaviors when
c. The client is aware that his or her Realistic Anxiety drives his/her behavior
d. a and c
23. The most important thing the analyst does is
a. help the client act out her unconscious impulses
b. interpret the client’s transference
c. assist the client in making peace with his mother
d. changes the client’s defense mechanisms
24. Match the phrase, Guided by the morality principle, with the letter of the appropriate word
D. None of the above
25. Match the phrase, Guided by the reality principle, with the letter of the appropriate word:
D. None of the above